This category is assigned to Top Level English menu items and articles so that they are not included in the lower-level lists.

This is the introductory article to patterns in English.

My sister asked, quite reasonably, "Who is my target audience?"

I am hoping that the following people will benefit from my shared knowledge:

  • People who want to learn about business analysis. I have been fortunate to be able to make a successful career doing something that I love to do. If I can encourage other talented people to learn this craft and apply it in your careers, then I will have succeeded with this audience.
  • People who are already business analysts. In sharing what I have learned, I hope that I can contribute a different way of approaching our craft that will prove to be of value to you in your careers.
  • People who work with business analysts. In sharing my knowledge, I hope that I can provide an understanding of how a business analyst thinks and why we ask you so many questions.

"PIRRIDM" is an acronym derived as follows:

  • There are four basic components to requirements:
    • Processes, which identifies how work is done within an organization.
    • Information, which identifies what is needed to get work done in an organization.
    • Rules, which identify the goals and limitations of the work that is done in an organization.
    • Relationships, which identify how the first three components fit together to get work done in an organization.
  • There are three techniques that a business analyst normally uses to define requirements:
    • Identify what is to be included in the Components.
    • Document the contents of the Components.
    • Maintain the contents of the Components.

Components are used to classify the content of various business analysis exercises.

A business analysis exercise is the analysis of a business to determine and describe the manner in which the business operates. The result of a business analysis exercise may include, but are not limited to, requirements, policy, or procedure documents, or training manuals.

My experience has been that there are four components that a business analyst is interested in:


The articles in this section are about tools that I use. Within the tools, I provide specific guidance on how to use the tool, based on my own experience with them.